We invite you to consult the following documents if you're interested in deepening your coffee knowledge.
A special thanks to Brian Martel of Heritage Coffee and Mike Crimmins of Daily shot of coffee for this great content.
A guide to choose coffee
Harvesting and processing coffee
The roasting process
Also, here are some cool coffee facts we thought you might enjoy.
- Canadians are know to drink an average of 2.8 cups of coffee per day
- Coffee is the second most traded product in the world after petroleum. World wide coffee production tips the scales at about 6 million metric tons.
- It takes five years for a coffee tree to reach maturity. The average yield from one tree is the equivalent of one roasted pound of coffee.
- A cup of coffee contains about 120 mg of caffeine, about one fifth of the maximum recommended daily allowance.
- People who buy coffee through drive through windows on their way to work will spend as much as 45 hours a year waiting in line.
- Of the various botanical species of coffee trees in the world, only two are extensively cultivated commercially; Arabica and Robusta.
- The average person who buys coffee outside the office to consume at work will spend the equivalent value of a round trip plane ticket to Florida every year.
- The first coffee house in Europe opened in Venice in 1683, while coffee was available in Europe as early as 1608, mostly for the rich.
- The expression “a cup of Joe” to denote coffee, was first coined during WWII, when American servicemen (G.I. Joe) were identified as heavy coffee drinkers.
- The largest coffee-producing nation, Brazil, is responsible for 30 to 40% of total world output.
- In the late 1800’s, Chase and Sanborn put out a flier on how to read the coffee grounds at the bottom of the cup (like a fortune teller).
- Coffee cherries usually contain two “beans”, except for the single bean peaberry anomaly. Cherries with three beans are deemed to be a sign of good luck.
- A Belgian living in Guatemala invented the first instant coffee in 1906 and later immigrated to the United States. His name, ironically enough, was George Washington.